Equally if you have ever attended an Egyptology conference you would know getting Egyptologists to agree on anything that has a low percentage of evidence is an unachievable goal. Getting us all to keep an out of date conspiracy running for the sake of a bunch of long dead antiquarians is actually quite a fascinating idea.
If you include the pyramids of the Napatan kings who ruled Egypt in the 1st millennium, there were a whole lot more than this, and if any basic pyramid is taken into account regardless of scale or cost we are into the thousands.
|Roman geographer and historian, Strabo, 64 BCE-24 CE. Source Howard-Vyse 1840.II.|
|Ibn Abd el Hakim, muslim historian 803 CE- 871 CE. Source Howard-Vyse 1840.II.|
|Granite sarcophagus of Khufu. Image via Wikipedia.|
|Source Howard-Vyse 1840.II.|
|Basalt sarcophagus of Menkaure. Image from Howard-Vyse 1840.II.|
|Wooden coffin naming Menkaure. Image from Howard-Vyse 1840.II.|
Considering the amount of tourists that have gone through over the last 2500 years, it is surprising some still had objects with dedications to these dead people, or the odd royal statue, piece of a shrine or administrative seals. The Saqqara pyramids on the other hand contained lots of stone funerary vessels naming their dead kings.
|Pyramid texts within the pyramid of Unis, Saqqara. Image via Wikipedia.|
Khafre - wer-kha-ef-re - ‘the pyramid of Khafre is great’
As is relatively clear, the names illustrate the function of these funerary complexes which was to guarantee the rebirth of the dead king – allowing his ka and ba soul to unite so that he is reborn as a god, like the sun god Re was believed by the ancient Egyptians to be reborn every day at dawn ('kha') and then over the day travels through the heavens for eternity, hence the horizon reference for Khufu’s pyramid.
Pyramid from the tomb chapel of Sennedjem at Deir el Medina, western Thebes.
Early 19th Dynasty. Image via Wikipedia
Unsurprisingly it turned out that building ENORMOUS stone pyramids was a massive drain on the economy.
M-A. Murray 2005. ‘Provisions for the Pyramid Builders: New evidence from the ancient site of Giza’. Archaeology International.
On the net
R. Pearse 2017. ‘The log book of Inspector Merer from Wadi al Jarf and the pyramid of Cheops / Khufu’: https://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2017/09/27/the-log-book-of-inspector-merer-from-wadi-al-jarf-and-the-pyramid-of-cheops-khufu/
National Geographic 2016. ‘The Pyramid Builders' Village in Egypt’: https://www.nationalgeographic.com.au/history/the-pyramid-builders-village-in-egypt.aspx
Smithsonian 2015, ‘The World’s Oldest Papyrus and What It Can Tell Us about the Great Pyramids’: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/ancient-egypt-shipping-mining-farming-economy-pyramids-180956619/
Live Science 2014. Photos: Amazing Discoveries at Egypt's Giza Pyramids: